Agriculture in South Africa

Agriculture is a very important sector in South Africa when it comes to job opportunities in rural areas, but also contributes largely to foreign exchange.

Agriculture in South Africa is so diverse and rich when it comes to vegetation types, biodiversity, climates and different types of soil.

It can be divided into distinct farming regions that include both intensive crop production in winter as well as cattle ranching in the hot bushveld.

However, compared to other countries such as India, South Africa falls short for the production of rain-fed crops. Livestock farming is by far the largest agricultural sector in South Africa.

To stay up to date and have some more insight into Agriculture in South Africa, read the following information we have gathered to provide you with!

Agriculture in SA


Statistics and facts about Agriculture in South Africa:


  • As the population grows by almost 2% every year, the need for food production has drastically increased over time and actually needs to be double the size of the population in order to feed the masses. Due to this, production needs to increase using the same or less natural resources.


  • Due to the loss of rainfall and extreme droughts in South Africa over the past few years, we have lost a large amount of farms that used to contribute to the industry – especially in maize, wheat and dairy. Although we have had it rather tough, production still seems to be going forward and hopefully we’ll see an upward trend soon.


  • To add to the above point, there is a large amount of food loss and wastage happening all around the world and that includes us. So much food gets thrown away by restaurants, get lost during transport, storage, food processing and retail – and THIS is the big reason why the need for production is so high. If we can find a way to stop wasting so much food through portion control and sustainable living, it could make a big change in our economy.

South African Agriculture

  • We’ve covered three not so positive, but very important points above, so let’s look at something a bit more encouraging. There is an emerging trend of sustainable agricultural practices and here is a list of what it intends to have as an outcome:
  1. Change the management of water and land resources
  2. Contribute to the economic and social well-being of the country
  3. Good quality food production
  4. Maintain our rich biodiversity

These are just a few points that we think are definitely top priority and could make a big difference to our sustainable living.

It won’t be an easy progress, but all the small changes will add up over time and eventually change for the better – for both the country and the people thereof!

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